How Chocolate Conquered the World, Part 2: 1840 to the Present

GENINT 714.319

Osher (50+). This course explores the history of the chocolate industry since the 1840s.


About this course:

The invention of the chocolate bar in 1847, technological advances, higher wages for laborers, lower production costs, advertising, new products, two world wars, giant chocolate companies, and other forces created a boom in demand for chocolate. This course follows the rise of chocolate as reflected in popular culture and economics. We discuss chocolate’s new varieties like bon bons, Eskimo Pie, Hershey’s bars and kisses, Cadbury’s bunnies, Three Musketeers bars, and special rations for the armies of the world. We also look at the rise of mass manufactured chocolate, especially milk chocolate, cocoa powder, and then dark chocolate in the 1980s. Our discussion includes the concept of terroir—the effect of geography, climate, and soil on the cacao bean; artisan bean to bar chocolate; child labor; environmental changes; women’s rights; pairings (like beer and chocolates); and more. We will have Zoom discussions with cacao growers and chocolate makers. Chocolate will be mailed to you so that in the second and third class meetings, you can discover your chocolate preferences.

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Speak to an Osher representative. Hours: Mon-Fri, 8am-5pm.
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