This course explores Michelangelo's letters and his contributions to sculpture, painting, and architecture as well as his place in the hierarchy of 16th-century society. In sculpture, as seen in his statue of David, human proportions are distorted. In painting, when Pope Julius II ordered him to cover the Sistine Chapel ceiling, Michelangelo explored the use of disproportionate figures and vivid color, providing the means for the more emotive content of the Mannerist style of the 1520s. In architecture, his colossal constructions provided precedents for what became the Baroque style. Breaking many of the rules of Renaissance art in his struggle to express his inner experience of the divine, Michelangelo gave artists a new artistic vocabulary that moved past the Renaissance and toward a profoundly relevant style that ultimately is called Modern art.