Principles of Critical Reasoning
PHILOS XL 9
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This course examines the nature of arguments: how to analyze them and assess the soundness of the reasoning they represent.
What you can learn.
- Learn to construct and assess arguments
- Learn common fallacies
- Explore standards for deductive and inductive arguments
- Discover how to use and evaluate scientific reasoning
- Learn to reason about probability
About this course:
We will go over (i) how to understand the logical relations between different elements of a text, e.g., a newspaper article or a book, (ii) what makes certain arguments good or bad, and (iii) certain types of mistakes that people tend to make when giving arguments. Along the way, we will discuss (a) the notions of subjectivity and objectivity, (b) the contrast between using language to arouse emotions and using language to convey thoughts, (c) the logic of scientific experiments and hypothesis-testing in general, and (d) some general ideas about probability and its application in making decisions.